For investors, returns are the key indicators of their investment performance. NAV is the basic element used in calculating the returns because it keeps varying from one point of time to other. Thus, the purchase and sale value of investment is derived by multiplying the purchased units with NAV for the period i.e. purchase date and sale date. Surplus earned over and above the principal is known as returns. Returns are often termed in value and % change, for instance, investment of Rs.10,000 appreciates to Rs.15,000 during the term of 3 year of value. It means that principal has appreciated by Rs. 5,000, while in terms of percentage change, its 50% appreciation.
Compounded Annualized Growth Rate (CAGR)
The CAGR rate is used to calculate returns for the period beyond one year for all types of mutual funds (Equity, Debt and Hybrid). The CAGR returns are annualized returns, which consider compounding effect.